Why would God choose to create a universe where most (if not most, then a lot) would go to hell? For example He knew humanity would fall by Adam and Eve and that we are evil by nature. Could He have created a universe where most people go to heaven?
I really appreciate your response.
I would respond to that challenge in two ways. First, God may have morally sufficient reasons for creating what he has created. Second, it may be infeasible that God should create the world you are suggesting. It may be the case that in any world in which God creates a multitude of people with free will that a multitude will reject him. Let “U” represent the world where universalism is true and “A” represent the actual world.
The challenge you are raising relies on the claim that God does not have morally sufficient reasons for creating A instead of U. This is a major presupposition because we cannot expect to understand or detect what God’s morally sufficient reasons might be for creating A instead of U. Remember that an “Argument from Ignorance” fallacy is one in which one argues that because we are ignorant of something that it therefore doesn’t exist. We cannot argue that because we don’t know what God’s morally sufficient reasons might be for creating A that he therefore would not have morally sufficient reasons for creating A.
That being said, suppose we conceded that God could not have morally sufficient reasons for refraining from creating U. It may not be feasible that God should create U. Note that in any world in which God decides to bring about free will, God is bringing about a world in which he is not the only actualizer of that world. Whenever a person with free will makes a free will choice, they actualize something in that world. If you choose to turn left instead of right, and you were free to make that choice, then you have actualized the choice that you have made. Since free agents participate in actualizing any world in which they exist, God will need the voluntary participation of the free agents of a world if he is to actualize that world. It may be the case that in any world where God creates a multitude of free agents that those agents will not go along with God in actualizing U. In fact, if one really assumes that God could not have morally sufficient reasons to refrain from creating U then we actually have an argument against the feasibility of U from God’s goodness. Consider the following argument:
1) If U is feasible for God to create, then God will create U. (This is the challenge that you are raising)
2) God did not create U.
3) Therefore, U is not feasible for God to create.
I hope that helps, and please feel free to ask questions at any time. I am happy to help.
Chapter Director, Reasonable Faith
Master of Arts in Apologetics,
Luther Rice University and Seminary