How did God create the universe?

I received a question from someone trying to make an argument for *how* God created the universe.  He essentially wanted to say that God created the universe out of God’s unlimited energy, and he thought that the law of conservation would support this.  His impression was that this would help support the Kalam Cosmological Argument.

My response is below:

You seem to deny that God made the universe out of “nothing” by saying he made it out of an unlimited reservoir of energy that he possesses.  We wouldn’t want to say this either, as energy is a part of nature and thus was created.  God created energy as well as everything else in creation.  Additionally, to say that God created the universe by “converting some of His energy into mass” comes dangerously close to panentheism.  God is not made of parts, and so he can’t convert “part” of himself into the universe.  If you want to say that this energy is not a part of God but rather a possession of God, then we run into a different problem in explaining this energy (does it exist by the necessity of its own nature? If not, out of what was it created?).


It is better, I think, to leave how God created the universe as an open question.  We can conclude from the Kalam cosmological argument that the universe had an efficient cause, and that will suffice for our purposes.



Matt Bilyeu

Do you have a question?

Ask your questions about apologetics, evangelism, or the Christian worldview HERE

Be sure to subscribe to receive new Q&A as it comes out!